Blepharoplasty is a Greek word that consists of 2 words meaning eyelid and shaping. It is used for cosmetic surgery of the area (Greek: blepheron, eyelid plassein to front) of the eye on the face. In this type of surgery, methods such as extra tissue extraction, tissue augmentation or both, and correction of eye curvature and fat extraction and muscle strengthening are used.
This surgery uses functional and cosmetic defects in the eye socket area, which includes the periorbital area of the eye, the eyebrow line, and the upper incision of the cheek.
Elimination of excess orbital fat, inappropriate position of the lower eyelid and the grooves next to the nose at the point where the trick meets the slope of the nose. This process is usually done by making external incisions along the natural lines of the skin in the upper and lower eyelids. Later, with the techniques used by plastic surgeons, in the incision technique (transconjunctival), the inner eyelid incision, the inner surface of the eyelid (conjunctiva) The lower corner of the eye is done.
This technique allows the surgeon to cut or remove excess fat in the lower eyelid without making a visible incision, but it is not possible to remove excess eyelid skin. Factors such as the condition of the eyelid skin (in terms of coverage and moisture), the patient's age, the condition of the adjacent skin, and the anatomy of the patient can affect the outcome of eyelid surgery.